Federal & State Laws, Definitions & Resources
The laws that OCR enforces do not expressly address religious discrimination. However, the law OCR enforces that prohibits schools from discriminating based on race, color, or national origin (Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964) protects students of any religion from discrimination, including harassment, based on actual or perceived shared ancestry or ethnic characteristics, or citizenship or residency in a country with a dominant religion or distinct religious identity.
The Civil Rights Division, Educational Opportunities Section enforces several federal civil rights laws which prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, language, sex, religion, and disability in schools and colleges.
Faculty & Staff
- US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission: Religious Discrimination
- Religious Garb and Grooming in the Workplace: Rights and Responsibilities (EEOC Fact Sheet)
- For Employees: Workplace Rights of Employees Who Are, or Are Perceived to Be, Muslim or Middle Eastern (EEOC Q&A)
- For Managers & Supervisors: Workplace Rights of Employees Who Are, or Are Perceived to Be, Muslim or Middle Eastern (EEOC Q&A)
- Maryland Commission on Civil Rights: Employment Discrimination
Students, staff and faculty have the right to request an accommodation for religious observance if their sincerely held religious beliefs conflict with a University policy, procedure, or other academic or employment requirement.
- Staff and Faculty should make requests for religious accommodations directly to their supervisors.
- Students should speak with their professors and department chairs, as necessary.
The Office of Diversity & Inclusion provides active oversight, coordination,
and evaluation of the University of Maryland’s equity, diversity and inclusion activities; manages and tracks implementation of the Strategic Plan for Diversity; and encourages and supports the efforts of units to achieve their diversity goals.